Definition: An array of all starting positions of suffixes of a string arranged in lexicographical order. This allows a binary search or fast substring search.
Generalization (I am a kind of ...)
Aggregate child (... is a part of or used in me.)
suffix, binary search.
See also suffix tree, inverse suffix array, suffix automaton.
Note: Consider the string "good". In lexicographical order, the suffixes are "d", "good", "od", and "ood". In 1-based indexing, the suffix array is [4, 1, 3, 2]. (For convenience, a special character is usually appended to the string.)
A suffix array can be constructed in O(n log n) time, where n is the length of the string, by sorting the suffixes, or in O(n) time by building the suffix tree, then doing a depth-first search. Many other algorithms build suffix arrays quickly. For a comprehensive survey, see Simon J. Puglisi, W. F. Smyth, and Andrew H. Turpin, A taxonomy of suffix array construction algorithms, ACM Computing Surveys, 39(2) Article #4, 2007.
From Algorithms and Theory of Computation Handbook, page 11-23, Copyright © 1999 by CRC Press LLC. Appearing in the Dictionary of Computer Science, Engineering and Technology, Copyright © 2000 CRC Press LLC.
Udi Manber and Gene Myers, Suffix Arrays: A New Method for On-Line String Searches, SIAM Journal on Computing 22(5):935-948, 1993.
If you have suggestions, corrections, or comments, please get in touch with Paul Black.
Entry modified 16 November 2016.
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Cite this as:
Algorithms and Theory of Computation Handbook, CRC Press LLC, 1999, "suffix array", in Dictionary of Algorithms and Data Structures [online], Vreda Pieterse and Paul E. Black, eds. 16 November 2016. (accessed TODAY) Available from: https://www.nist.gov/dads/HTML/suffixarray.html