NIST

median

(definition)

Definition: The value that has an equal number of values greater and less than it. For an even number of values, it is the mean of the two middle values.

See also mean, mode, midrange, Select, select and partition.

Note: The median is the "middle" value. The median of 1, 1, 3, 50, and 60 is 3 since two elements (1 and 1) are less than it and two elements (50 and 60) are greater. The median of 1, 1, 2, 3, 3, and 4 is 2.5, the mean of 2 and 3.

Author: PEB

Implementation

select kth element (Pascal and C++)
Go to the Dictionary of Algorithms and Data Structures home page.

If you have suggestions, corrections, or comments, please get in touch with Paul Black.

Entry modified 27 October 2017.
HTML page formatted Fri Feb 23 10:06:08 2018.

Cite this as:
Paul E. Black, "median", in Dictionary of Algorithms and Data Structures [online], Vreda Pieterse and Paul E. Black, eds. 27 October 2017. (accessed TODAY) Available from: https://www.nist.gov/dads/HTML/median.html