Venn diagram


Definition: A visual depiction of membership in sets according to binary properties, using overlapping ovals to divide the plane into regions. Regions inside an oval have the property the oval represents, while regions outside it do not have the property. Regions are shaded to show combinations of properties (or sets) of interest, or elements are placed in regions corresponding to their properties (or membership).

See also Karnaugh map.

Note: Here is an example of a Venn diagram with three properties: male/female, happy/sad, and short/tall. Some of the combinations, such as sad, tall males and happy, short females are labeled.

John Venn first published these diagrams in 1880, although similar diagrams were used much earlier by Leibniz and Euler (Opera Omnia), a century earlier.

Author: PEB

More information

Frank Ruskey and Mark Weston's Venn Diagrams gives formal definition and methods to draw diagrams for N variables, The Electronic Journal of Combinatorics, Dynamic Surveys DS5, 18 June 2005, DOI: 10.37236/26.

Go to the Dictionary of Algorithms and Data Structures home page.

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Entry modified 26 July 2021.
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Cite this as:
Paul E. Black, "Venn diagram", in Dictionary of Algorithms and Data Structures [online], Paul E. Black, ed. 26 July 2021. (accessed TODAY) Available from: