(data structure)

**Definition:**
A *graph* whose *edges* are *unordered* pairs of *vertices*. That is, each edge connects two vertices.

**Formal Definition:** A graph G is a pair (V,E), where V is a set of vertices, and E is a set of edges between the vertices E ⊆ {{u,v} | u, v ∈ V}. If the graph does not allow *self-loops*, adjacency is *irreflexive*, that is E ⊆ {{u,v} | u, v ∈ V ∧ u ≠ v}.

**See also**
*directed graph*, *hypergraph*, *multigraph*.

*Note:
An undirected graph may be represented as a directed graph with two directed edges, one "to" and one "from," for each undirected edge.*

Author: PEB

Go to the Dictionary of Algorithms and Data Structures home page.

If you have suggestions, corrections, or comments, please get in touch with Paul Black.

Entry modified 18 October 2007.

HTML page formatted Fri Feb 23 10:06:08 2018.

Cite this as:

Paul E. Black, "undirected graph", in
*Dictionary of Algorithms and Data Structures* [online], Vreda Pieterse and Paul E. Black, eds. 18 October 2007. (accessed TODAY)
Available from: https://www.nist.gov/dads/HTML/undirectedGraph.html