facility location

(classic problem)

Definition: Given a set of demand points, a distance function, and a parameter p, find a set of p supply objects (points, lines, segments, etc.) which minimizes some distance objective function. The function may be the maximum distance between any demand point and the nearest supply, so no demand point is too far from a supply, or the sum of distances to the nearest supply.

See also capacitated facility location.

Note: Adapted from [AS98, page 428].

Author: PEB

Go to the Dictionary of Algorithms and Data Structures home page.

If you have suggestions, corrections, or comments, please get in touch with Paul Black.

Entry modified 17 December 2004.
HTML page formatted Wed Mar 13 12:42:45 2019.

Cite this as:
Paul E. Black, "facility location", in Dictionary of Algorithms and Data Structures [online], Paul E. Black, ed. 17 December 2004. (accessed TODAY) Available from: