Definition: An algorithm that is efficient when accessing most of the data is very slow, such as, on disk.
See also external sort, external memory data structure.
Note: See [Vitt01]. The external memory could be magnetic tape or even main memory if the cache is very fast.
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Entry modified 17 December 2004.
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Cite this as:
Paul E. Black, "external memory algorithm", in Dictionary of Algorithms and Data Structures [online], Paul E. Black, ed. 17 December 2004. (accessed TODAY) Available from: https://www.nist.gov/dads/HTML/externalMemoryAlgo.html