# adjacency-list representation

(data structure)

Definition: A representation of a directed graph with n vertices using an array of n lists of vertices. List i contains vertex j if there is an edge from vertex i to vertex j. A weighted graph may be represented with a list of vertex/weight pairs. An undirected graph may be represented by having vertex j in the list for vertex i and vertex i in the list for vertex j.

Note: Suppose we have a directed graph with four vertices. Here are adjacency-matrix and adjacency-list representations. The arrow (->) means a link in a list.

`    1 2 3 4 1  1 1 1 1 2  1 0 0 0 3  0 1 0 1 4  0 1 1 0 `

` 1  -> 1 -> 2 -> 3 -> 4 2  -> 1 3  -> 2 -> 4 4  -> 2 -> 3 `

One variant is to have an array of columns, rather than rows, with the list going "down". The adjacency-list representation is more compact for a sparse matrix.

Authors: BB,PEB

Go to the Dictionary of Algorithms and Data Structures home page.

If you have suggestions, corrections, or comments, please get in touch with Paul E. Black.

Entry modified 14 August 2008.
HTML page formatted Fri Mar 25 16:20:34 2011.

Cite this as:
Bob Bockholt and Paul E. Black, "adjacency-list representation", in Dictionary of Algorithms and Data Structures [online], Paul E. Black, ed., U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology. 14 August 2008. (accessed TODAY) Available from: http://www.nist.gov/dads/HTML/adjacencyListRep.html